Download A History of Western Educational Ideas by Peter Gordon, Denis Lawton PDF

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By Peter Gordon, Denis Lawton

There are lots of features of an schooling process that purely make feel if we all know how that process has constructed through the years. a part of this comes from figuring out how associations have replaced, however it is additionally very important to appreciate how rules in schooling have developed.
This e-book discusses the continual improvement of academic concept over 3 millennia. the point of interest upon the background of principles during this quantity is partially an try and circulate heritage of schooling clear of an procedure in line with 'great males' to technological, financial and political impacts on principles and ideology. It studies many concerns, starting from the needs of schooling from the earliest instances, to the problem of postmodernism within the current century. The authors offer an obtainable and thought-provoking consultant to the tutorial rules that underlie perform.

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First, we need to know which ideas survived and developed; and, second, the new influences that emerged, such as monastic education, the rise of Islam, scholasticism and the development of universities. Background Rome fell to Barbarian invaders from the north in AD 4 1 0. Even earlier, as we saw in the last chapter, Constantine had taken the precaution of moving his capital city to the east - to Byzantium, which he renamed Constantinople (now Istanbul). Christianity survived in the West, however, and some of the invaders were converted to Christianity.

In 1 1 5, Bishop Ignatius of Antioch, who was shortly to be martyred by the Romans, wrote to his flock telling them to unify by supporting their bishop. He stressed the importance of obedience to priests and bishops if Christian unity was to be preserved. Thus an early traditional belief was the importance of obeying the authority of the church. One practical aspect of this belief was the Creed which converts had to memorise and repeat regularly. The Creed was a minimum statement of belief laid down by authority and about which there could be no dissent.

SCHOOLS IN ROME The earliest schools in Rome began around 200 BC when there was some reference to Spurius Cavilius, an ex-slave who was the first teacher on record in Rome to charge fees. Schools, as in Greece, were for seven-year­ old boys and girls, and the curriculum was very basic, concentrating on reading, writing and simple calculations, as well as the elementary values of pietas and gravitas. This kind of regime lasted until the child was aged about 1 2. For the more affluent it was followed by a grammar school where the curriculum included Greek and Latin grammar, and later on literature: Homer, the fables of Aesop, in Greek, plus some Latin authors such as Horace, Virgil and Livy.

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