By Gerald R. Visgilio, Diana M. Whitelaw
This ebook is the results of a convention held biannually on the Goodwin-Niering middle for Conservation Biology and Environmental stories at Connecticut collage. It makes use of an interdisciplinary method of specialize in very important ecological affects of acid deposition. The e-book combines learn findings and the coverage analyses of specialists from assorted educational disciplines with the positions complex through representatives of assorted nongovernmental agencies.
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Extra info for Acid in the environment : lessons learned and future prospects
2. Biological effects of surface water acidification (after Baker et al. 2. , central mud minnow, yellow perch, and in some waters, largemouth bass) Measurable decline in the whole-system rates of decomposition of some forms of organic matter, potentially resulting in decreased rates of nutrient cycling Substantial decrease in the number of species of zooplankton and benthic invertebrates and further decline in the species richness of the phytoplankton and periphyton communities; measurable decrease in the total community biomass of zooplankton and benthic invertebrates in most waters Loss of zooplankton species such as Tropocyclops prasinus mexicanus, Leptodora kindtii, and Conochilis unicornis; and benthic invertebrate species, including all clams and many insects and crustaceans Reproductive failure of some acid-sensitive species of amphibians such as spotted salamanders, Jefferson salamanders, and the leopard frog lower pH and ANC, and higher concentrations of dissolved inorganic aluminum than lakes that contained one or more species of fish.
1989; Aber et al. 1998). , tree harvesting, fire, agriculture) are expected to exhibit increasing losses of nitrate as forests develop. Finally, sulfur has accumulated in the soil under previous conditions of high atmospheric sulfur deposition and is now being released to surface water as sulfate, even though sulfate deposition has decreased. While there is considerable information about the response of surface waters to decreases in acidic deposition under chronic conditions, much less is known about how episodic acidification responds to these changes.
Many agencies had in-house scientific expertise, and those scientists had the normal relationships with their peers in universities, think tanks, and consulting companies that one would expect to see anywhere. But those agencies often had relatively little experience in funding outside scientists, especially using competitively awarded, peerreviewed grants. Others had primarily in-house science management expertise, and were oriented primarily towards the award of grants to outside scientists. Still others, including EPA at the time, had a mixture of each, but had not often made an institutional commitment to one mode of operation or another.