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By J.W. Negele, Erich W. Vogt

This year's 4 articles deal with themes starting from the character of the substructure of the nucleon and the deuteron to the overall houses of the nucleus, together with its section transitions and its wealthy and unforeseen quantal homes. They assessment the current experimental and theoretical realizing of the beginning of the spin of the nucleon, the liquid-gas section transition that happens at a lot reduce temperatures and densities than these of a quark-gluon plasma in relativistic heavy-ion collisions, the experimental info and theoretical versions rising approximately very-high-spin states of nuclei, and the background of findings from the deuteron derived from contemporary electron-deuteron scattering experiments with saw polarizations and different experiments. The authors aren't pointed out.

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In most studies, the GT strength extracted from experimental spectra was compared with theoretical calculations. However, Osterfeld et al. [ 126], took a different approach in modelling the complete spectrum which was then compared with experiment for 90Zr(p, n)90Nb. Structure calculations were carried out for all isovector spin excitations up to ∆Jπ = 5+, and the resulting wave functions were then used in DWIA to calculate (p, n) cross sections. These cross sections were normalized by comparison with calculations of the cross section for the 42Ca(p,n)42Sc reaction.

This result suggests that for transitions to different final states the value of would be subject to an uncertainty of at least this magnitude, or, conversely that values of B GT extracted from measured cross sections would have the same uncertainty. 1 also shows calculated values of F = σ(q = 0) /BF for Fermi transitions between isobaric analog states. In this case, calculations predict large differences between transitions of the types j>, (j>)–1 and j<, (j <)–1 where j> = l + -12 , j< = l – 12-.

Taddeucci et al.. n) reaction as a probe ofbetadecay strength( 1987) 125– I72 [89], with kind permission of Elsevier Science-NL Sara Burgerhartstraat 25. 1055KV Amsterdam, The Netherlands. 9 mb/sr [95] which is in satisfactory agreement with results for 12C(p,n)12N. 4. Weak Transitions In early studies of the proportionality between dσ/dW (q = 0) and BGT it was noted that contributions to the cross section from non-central parts of the effective interaction would become important ifthe GT strength was small [34].

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